How to Write an Article Review – (Tips and Explanation)

How to Write an Article Review

People usually find themselves lost when they need to write an article’s review. All you need to have is proper guidance to write one. In this article, you will find the format of article review, tips to keep in mind while writing an article review, types of review, and how to start an article review.

What is an Article Review?

You must have heard about the term article review but do you know what it means? A piece of writing where you precisely and overview another person’s previously published article is known as an article review. It is a type of expert paper writing which needs a high level of in-depth analysis and a well-defined presentation of arguments. It involves a logical evaluation of the main theme of the article, supporting arguments, and suggestions for further research. If you are writing an article review it is necessary to know the central points and ideas of the article to present a clear understanding of the topic you have been working on.

Purpose of an Article Review

  • Explain the present state of information
  • It highlights the main methodologies
  • Classify the gaps in existing studies

Steps for Writing an Article Review

Are you writing an article review for the very first time? Below is a step-by-step guide to follow to make your article review effective.

  1. Pre-writing process

The very first thing you need to know before writing an article review is the ‘type’ of your review, this will help you while reading an article. Read the article carefully. Recognize the main points, ideas, general information present in the article and then summarize it.

You need to identify the main idea and strong claims that the author has made. Identify any possible gaps in the article. Assess if the writer has used sufficient arguments and conclusions to support the opinions. Find out the unanswerable questions that are left by the author. Read the whole article carefully to find any possible contradictions. Assess the title, abstract, introduction, headings, subheadings, opening sentences, and conclusion of the article carefully. Right after following this process, you can start writing your own review.

  1. Title of an article review

The title is the main component of your work. Title decides if one wants to read your work ahead or not. So, you need to work on your title wisely. Try to write a title that reflects the main focus of your work. The title can be either interrogative, descriptive, or declarative.

  1. Citing and Citations

The next step is always adding the citation for the article that you have reviewed. Think about the style of citation given by your instructor and work on your review article that way.

If you use MLA style for citation, the citation will look like this:

Author’s last and first name. “Article Title.” Journal Title, vol. Volume, no. The issue, Month Year, Pages, DOI, or URL.

And if you use APA style for citation following is the format.

Last name, Initials. (Year). “The title of the article”. Journal Name, Volume (Issue), Pages. DOI or URL

  1. Identification of article

After citation of the article accurately, the next step is to include the identification of the reviewed article. The first paragraph must include the following information.

  • Title of the article
  • Author name
  • Title of the journal
  • Year of publication

For instance:

Susan, K. (2000). Hanna-Barbera cartoons return to the new boomerang. Los Angeles Times.

Retrieved August 31, 2010.

  1. Introduction of the article review

Before you begin to write, think about your concepts. It is important to organize your thoughts. The introduction starts with the identification sentence. You can also take help from an article review template. Read the outline of your assignment properly provided by your instructor. An article review always starts with an introduction, following are a few things that should be followed while writing an introduction.

  • Thesis of the review
  • Summarize the key points of the article
  • Positive parts and facts are given in the research study
  • Critique of the publication including contradictions, gaps, and unanswered question
  • Summary of the article


  1. Sum it up

You need to summarize the article, add central arguments given by the author. Write the key points, and findings in your own words. A list of relevant facts will help you focus on the main theme of the article. Also, include the author’s conclusion.

  1. Critique It

In this step, state the part of the author, his contributions, how well he addressed the topic using your opinions. The strengths and weaknesses you found in the article, present them. Make sure if the arguments are supported by the facts and theories. Furthermore, make a list of research gaps.

  1. Conclusion of the article review

Draft a conclusion, this will sum up the critical points and your critique of the article. In this step the accuracy and validity of the review should be stated by the writer. For future research work, the writer can also give suggestions. Remember that the conclusion should only be 10% of your whole essay.

  1. Proofread your article review

The last step to follow before submitting your article is proofreading. Proofreading is an essential part of your process. This step will help you polish the paper. All you need to do is read your article review aloud that will help in identifying any grammar, spelling, punctuation, and structure mistakes. Correct them where possible. Remove all the unnecessary information.

Note that for an effective review, identify 3-4 critical issues in the article and discuss them.

Types of Review

There are three main types of article reviews, the following is the explanation of them.

  1. Science Article Review

Science article reviews involve publications in the domain of science. Often, scientific publications include more information on the background that you can use to analyze the publication in a better way.

  1. Journal Article Review

Considerably like all other reviews, a journal article review assesses the strengths and weaknesses of a publication. It is basically a critique of an academic paper. The author must provide the reader with an analysis and explanation that demonstrates the article’s significance.

  1. Research Article Review

A research article review is different from a journal article review as it assesses the research method applied in the study. It also compares them to previous research studies.

Formatting an Article Review

The format of your article is an important part. You should always stick to the citation style that is recommended by your instructor. If you are not sure about the format, seek clarification from your instructor about the formatting of an article review and follow the preferred format to make your work effective. Following are the preferred formats that most people follow while writing an article review.

  • What format should you follow to cite your articles (MLA, APA, Chicago, ASA, etc.)?
  • What should be the length of your review?
  • Does your instructor need the background data?
  • Should you include a summary, critique, or opinion in your article?
  • Does it require mentioning the theme or main idea within the article?

When you get the answers to the above question, you can start writing the article. MLA and APA formats are the most common citation styles. Following are the examples of these formats.

APA Format

Articles most commonly appear in academic journals, websites, and newspapers. If you use APA format for your article review, you need to write bibliographical entries for the sources you use.

  • Web: Author [last name], A.A [first and middle initial]. (Year, Month, Date of Publication). Title. Retrieved from {link}
  • Journal: Author [last name], A.A [first and middle initial]. (Publication Year). Publication Title. Periodical Title, Volume (Issue), pp.-pp.
  • Newspaper: Author [last name], A.A [first and middle initial]. (Year, Month, Date of Publication). Publication Title. Magazine Title, pp. xx-xx.

MLA Format

Another common format to cite your articles in is the MLA format. Following is how to cite your sources in MLA format.

  • Web: Last, First Middle Initial. “Publication Title.” Website Title. Website Publisher, Date Month Year Published. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.
  • Newspaper: Last, First M. “Publication Title.” Newspaper Title [City] Date, Month, Year Published: Page(s). Print.
  • Journal: Last, First M. “Publication Title.” Journal Title Series Volume. Issue (Year Published): Page(s). Database Name. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.

Outline and Template

Outline plays an essential role in your article. As you make progress with reading your article, try to organize your thoughts into logical sections in an outline. As you read, write down all the important facts, contributions, or contradictions. Highlight or note down the strengths and weaknesses of your publication. After writing all these important points, start to map your outline accordingly.

Be mindful of the format your instructor wants you to follow. If your instructor wants you to skip a summary section or a personal critique section, then you must alleviate them from your article. Like any other assignment, an article review must include an introduction, a body, and a conclusion.  Therefore, you may consider dividing your article outline according to these portions as well as subheadings within the body. If you find it hard for yourself to prewrite the article also, the brainstorming process tries to find out a sample outline for help.

There are some constituent parts that must be included in your article. Below are the components:

  • Pre-title page: In the pre-title page the article that you are reviewing you need to list the type of that article, the publication’s title, all the writers who took part in it, author’s affiliations (position, department, institute, city, country, email ID)
  • Details of optional corresponding author: Name, email, address, phone number, and fax number.
  • Summary page: Summary page is optional; it depends on your professor’s demand. Though, the summary should be a maximum of 800 words long. While summarizing, try not to use technical language. Use straightforward and easy language. Try not to repeat the text. Write relevant background. Explain the background information, why the work was done. Summarize your results and explain the procedure.
  •  Running head: Running head is the title of your paper reduced to less than 40 characters. Well, this one is only for APA format.
  • Title page: As the name already reflects it is a page with a full title, and 250-word abstract followed by “Keywords”. Also, include 4-6 keywords.
  • Introduction: In the introduction summarize the key points of your article.
  • Body: The body includes the headings and subheadings of the article.
  • Work cited (references): Add references and citations for the article you have reviewed.
  • Optional suggested reading page: Suggest optional reading pages if necessary.
  • Tables and figures: You can include tables and figures if instructed by your professor.

Advantages of looking through the article review samples

Looking through relevant article review examples is essential for you it can benefit you in the following ways:

  • To help you get to know the key works of professionals in your field.
  • To help your own review you will find solid references and arguments.
  • You will get to know about the key people engaged in a specific field of science.
  • Looking through relevant samples will help you to find what major discoveries and advances were made in your field.
  • To help you generate some suggestions and ideas about any further area of research.
  • Samples will help you gain a better understanding of the field and become a professional in this specific field.
  • To help you uncover the major gaps within the existing knowledge of your field – which contributes to discovering fresh solutions.
  • To help you get a better and clear idea of how to write a good review.

Summing up

A review article is a professional paper that uses theories, ideas, and research related to the subject of the article. It is worth nothing if it does not introduce new information. Always follow the format your instructor suggests. A good review article classifies the gaps in the existing studies. Additionally, it is advisable to give references. Your introduction only takes 10-25% of your review. Make sure you write all the key points accurately and in a clear manner. By following the above-mentioned ways, you can make your review article effective.