Writing a cause-and-effect essay may not be as simple as it sounds; it has a proper format to be followed while structuring the essay. Cause and effect essays which are also often known as reason and result essays have a different structural approach than expository essays. Before going into the details of structure, we will analyze how cause and effect are related.
Cause and Effect
Cause and effect show the relationship between two events or things, making one event possible because of the former event. Many events around us involve cause and effect relations; almost every event in our lives affects some cause.
Let us consider a very simple example of this. If a person eats a lot of junk or unhealthy food but does not exercise, he will eventually gain weight. This example clearly shows that eating lots of unhealthy food is the cause of gaining weight while gaining weight is the effect of eating unhealthy food. There are many similar examples around us where we can notice cause and effect relations.
Cause and Effect Essay
Cause and effect relation is quite simple and clear, but now there is a need to analyze the cause-and-effect essay. This essay basically follows the same cause and effect relation but has a more detailed structure. We can write cause and effect essays for academic writings, research papers, argumentative writings, and any formal paper.
Cause and effect essay is more like an argumentative essay; it argues how certain events are resulted, with other events being the cause of them. The goal of the essay revolves around the idea of how events become the cause of some more events. In short, we can say that every event results in a further event, developing a cause-and-effect relationship between them.
The essay follows a detailed formal structure. This article covers a detailed analysis of the cause-and-effect essay structure. If you also want to write a perfect cause and effect essay, the following is the complete guide for you.
Brainstorming Topics for the Essay
The first step in writing your essay is to brainstorm the ideas; you need to think of as many possible topics as you can. If you have many topics at hand then you will be able to select the perfect topic for your essay. There is no doubt that you will find thousands of topics for your cause-and-effect essay around yourself. You can follow the given tips to select the perfect topic.
- Look around your closest environment to observe the events involving cause and effect relations.
- Try to look for a unique topic, probably the one which no one has written.
- Along with the uniqueness, you need to keep an estimate of your own knowledge.
- Do not go for topics about which you have zero to no knowledge.
- Pick topics that are informative and the ones about which you are well educated.
- To make your topic unique, narrow down the already existing topics for the essay.
Example of Cause and Effect Essay
Here is a list of topics that follow cause and effect relations; you will notice that most of these topics revolve around our daily lives or our regular environment.
- Influence of the internet on children’s behavior
- Effects of Pollution
- Causes and Effects of Fast Food on health
- Bullying and its effects
- Influence of taking lots of pictures
These are the few topics that follow the pattern of cause-and-effect relations. One thing that is usually observed in “effect” topics is that they eventually end up including causes too. For instance, if you are asked to write an essay on the effects of pollution, you will inevitably try to include causes of pollution in your essay. This is because causes and effects always go together.
Cause and Effect Essay Outline
Following the outlines while writing essays is an important step in giving an improved structure to your essay. Outlines make it a lot easier to write essays, as they provide the following pluses.
- Outlines help writers to focus on important points that need to be covered.
- You avoid going into unnecessary details and stick to the main point.
- It also helps in giving an organized structure to your thoughts.
The outline for a cause-and-effect essay is as follows.
The essay usually has five paragraphs, the introductory paragraph, three body paragraphs, and a concluding paragraph. However, the number of paragraphs can vary greatly depending upon the number of arguments and information you have about the topic.
Preparing the first draft
If you have an outline to write the essay, preparing the first draft is relatively easier. You will have a format to organize your thoughts. To prepare your first draft, you do not need to write complete sentences. Try to write incomplete sentences that simply convey the meaning of your thought. First drafts are helpful in so many ways; some of them are as follows
- You get all your thoughts organized in one place.
- You will not be required to put in lots of effort while writing the final draft.
- You will only need to give a complete sense to your sentences.
- Converting your phrases to sentences is not a tough task.
We can simply say that writing first drafts make you reach the third quarter of your task and there is just one quarter to go until your final draft is ready. Writing your first drafts as incomplete sentences is always advisable, so you can later write your essay easily following the outline you prepared in your first draft.
Introduction of essay
Introductory paragraphs are the most important part of any essay. This is the first thing your reader will read from your writing bit. If you successfully convey your ideas in the introductory paragraph, it will inescapably make your reader interested in your writing.
Introductions are the first part of any essay, so they provide you with general information about the topic which the essay covers. It is important to clarify in the introductory paragraph that how the topic being discussed is important in the reader’s life or how it is crucial in modern lives.
Grab the attention
Introductions are generally meant to provide a piece of information that grabs your reader’s attention. To attract your audience’s attention, you need to provide a hook. This hook can be a rhetoric question, a fact, a quote, a general question, or simply a sentence. If you have provided the audience with a hook interesting enough to grab their attention, this means you have basically convinced your reader to read until the very end.
You should also provide some relevant information about the topic in your introductory paragraph. This will give readers an idea of what you are going to discuss in your essay. This background information should be brief because the purpose is not to extend the introduction.
A thesis statement is the most important part of the introduction. Your introductory paragraph lacks a logical explanation without a thesis statement. The thesis statement should not be too long, it should be 2 to 3 lines maximum. It should cover all the aspects that you will be covering in your essay outline. The thesis statement plays the main role in establishing a logical flow of your thoughts about the topic.
Body of essay
The body of the essay is where most of your essay’s content lies, it explains the topic in detail. As we have already seen in the outline, the body of an essay usually has three body paragraphs. Each of these body paragraphs should contain the following parts.
- Topic sentence to show what the body paragraph will cover.
- Logical statements to support your claims.
- Concluding sentence to restate the idea.
Each body paragraph should cover one cause and its effect. People usually give illogical claims to cover the word count which makes their argument weak. To add logical arguments to your cause-and-effect essay, you need to focus more on quality than quantity.
To write a good cause and effect essay, you need to follow the following tips while writing your body paragraph.
- Explain the cause in such a way that the reader gets the idea of what is the actual problem.
- Explain the effect by making a transition that the reader himself gets ready to read the effect.
- Develop a relationship between cause and effect.
- You can also give suggestions to tackle the posed problem.
Antithesis should be a short paragraph that will cover some points against your aspects. To build a strong argumentative essay, you provide the audience against the grain points but do not leave them unattended. You further must provide some arguments to restate your previously written point. This is the key to a strong and credible essay, as it shows that you have enough arguments to support your claims.
Conclusion of essay
In the conclusion of the essay, you need to restate the thesis statement. You also need to focus on some major points you covered throughout your essay. Your concluding paragraph should also be as catchy as your introductory paragraph. To make your concluding paragraph appealing for the audience, the following are a few tips you should follow.
- You should restate your thesis statement so that it shows how your thesis statement has been helpful throughout your essay to prove your claims.
- This should cover a summary of your essay’s topic.
- Cover all the main points you discussed in your essay.
- You can also make a few recommendations in the concluding paragraph.
- You can suggest how to tackle this given problem.
- Finally, draft a concluding sentence that is brief but covers all the main points.
As you are ending your essay on this concluding sentence, it should be something convincing for the audience. It should convince the audience that all the arguments you provided are credible and should also state how this discussed topic is crucial in modern lives. The concluding statement is the part of the essay where you need to be extra creative.
Tips to Write a Good Cause and Effect Essay
If you stick to the outline of a cause-and-effect essay, you will be able to write a logical and credible essay. However, if you want your essay to be perfect, the following are a few tips to help you.
- Add logical transitions before starting a new paragraph or shifting your point of view from one aspect to another.
- To support your claim, use authentic sources to get information. Use the citations that are highly recommended for providing credible information.
- Do not leave the extracted information unattended, cite the information according to your preferred citation style, MLA, APA, Chicago, etc.
- Try to make the proper use of punctuation in your essay.
- For concluding paragraphs, use transition words like summing up, in conclusion, and as a result, etc.
- Make a logical flow of your arguments.
- Do not add unnecessary information just to meet the word count.
- Try to write in paragraphs and separate them logically.
In conclusion, cause and effect essays need a proper format to make your audience believe in your arguments. It is not difficult to write this essay; however, it is easier to write it by following the outline. Brainstorm the topics for the essay, make your first draft, write an appealing introduction and thesis statement, follow the outline, cite everything you have extracted, logically explain your antithesis paragraph, and write a convincing concluding paragraph. By following all of this and a few extra tips mentioned above, you are good to write an argumentative cause-and-effect essay.